Gata3 hypomorphic mutant mice rescued with a yeast artificial chromosome transgene suffer a glomerular mesangial cell defect

Takashi Moriguchi, Lei Yu, Akihito Otsuki, Keiko Ainoya, Kim Chew Lim, Masayuki Yamamoto, James Douglas Engel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

GATA3 is a zinc finger transcription factor that plays a crucial role in embryonic kidney development, while its precise functions in the adult kidney remain largely unexplored. Here, we demonstrate that GATA3 is specifically expressed in glomerular mesangial cells and plays a critical role in the maintenance of renal glomerular function. Newly generated Gata3 hypomorphic mutant mice exhibited neonatal lethality associated with severe renal hypoplasia. Normal kidney size was restored by breeding the hypomorphic mutant with a rescuing transgenic mouse line bearing a 662-kb Gata3 yeast artificial chromosome (YAC), and these animals (termed G3YR mice) survived to adulthood. However, most of the G3YR mice showed degenerative changes in glomerular mesangial cells, which deteriorated progressively during postnatal development. Consequently, the G3YR adult mice suffered severe renal failure. We found that the 662-kb Gata3 YAC transgene recapitulated Gata3 expression in the renal tubules but failed to direct sufficient GATA3 activity to mesangial cells. Renal glomeruli of the G3YR mice had significantly reduced amounts of platelet-derived growth factor receptor (PDGFR), which is known to participate in the development and maintenance of glomerular mesangial cells. These results demonstrate a critical role for GATA3 in the maintenance of mesangial cells and its absolute requirement for prevention of glomerular disease.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2272-2281
Number of pages10
JournalMolecular and cellular biology
Volume36
Issue number17
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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