Although the importance of GATA-1 in both primitive and definitive hematopoietic lineages has been shown in vivo, the precise roles played by GATA-1 during definitive hematopoiesis have not yet been clarified. In vitro differentiation of embryonic stem (ES) cells using OP9 stroma cells can generate primitive and definitive hematopoietic cells separately, and we have introduced a method that separates hematopoietic progenitors and differentiated cells produced in this system. Closer examination showed that the expression of erythroid transcription factors in this system is regulated in a differentiation stage-specific manner. Therefore, we examined differentiation of GATA-1 promoter-disrupted (GATA-1.05) ES cells using this system. Because the GATA-1.05 mice die by 12.5 embryonic days due to the lack of primitive hematopoiesis, the in vitro analysis is an important approach to elucidate the roles of GATA-1 in definitive hematopoiesis. Consistent with the in vivo observation, differentiation of GATA-1.05 mutant ES cells along both primitive and definitive lineages was arrested in this ES cell culture system. Although the maturation-arrested primitive lineage cells did not express detectable amounts of εγ-globin mRNA, the blastlike cells accumulated in the definitive stage showed β-globin mRNA expression at approximately 70% of the wild type. Importantly, the TER119 antigen was expressed and porphyrin was accumulated in the definitive cells, although the levels of both were reduced to approximately 10%, indicating that maturation of definitive erythroid cells is arrested by the lack of GATA-1 with different timing from that of the primitive erythroid cells. We also found that the hematopoietic progenitor fraction of GATA-1.05 cells contains more colony-forming activity, termed CFU-OP9. These results suggest that the GATA- 1.05 mutation resulted in proliferation of proerythroblasts in the definitive lineage.
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - 1998 Dec 1|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology