Gaseous hydrogen embrittlement of a Ni-free austenitic stainless steel containing 1 mass% nitrogen: Effects of nitrogen-enhanced dislocation planarity

Motomichi Koyama, Kishan Habib, Takuro Masumura, Toshihiro Tsuchiyama, Hiroshi Noguchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated the effect of hydrogen on degradation of tensile properties in a Fe–25Cr–1N austenitic stainless steel. Hydrogen was introduced by exposure to a hydrogen gas atmosphere at 100 MPa and 270 °C. Hydrogen charging caused significant ductility loss associated with nitrogen-enhanced dislocation planarity. Specifically, even without hydrogen, the nitrogen-enhanced planar dislocation glide induced micro-stress concentration, which assisted the occurrence of hydrogen-induced intergranular and quasi-cleavage fractures. The hydrogen-assisted intergranular cracking occurred along boundaries of grains where primary slip was predominantly activated. On the other hand, the hydrogen-assisted quasi-cleavage fracture took place when multiple slip systems were activated. The hydrogen-related cracks emerged, but their growth was arrested via crack blunting associated with a significant plastic deformation. Instead, new cracks formed near the crack tips. Therefore, hydrogen-assisted crack propagation occurred through repetition of crack blunting, initiation, and coalescence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)10209-10218
Number of pages10
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume45
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Mar 20

Keywords

  • Austenitic steel
  • Dislocation planarity
  • High-nitrogen steel
  • High-pressure gas
  • Hydrogen embrittlement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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