Gas7b (growth arrest specific protein 7b) regulates neuronal cell morphology by enhancing microtubule and actin filament assembly

Aina Gotoh, Masafumi Hidaka, Keiko Hirose, Takafumi Uchida

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Neurons undergo several morphological changes as a part of normal neuron maturation process. Alzheimer disease is associated with increased neuroproliferation and impaired neuronal maturation. In this study, we demonstrated that Gas7b (growth arrest specific protein 7b) expression in a neuronal cell line, Neuro 2A, induces cell maturation by facilitating formation of dendrite-like processes and/or filopodia projections and that Gas7b co-localizes with neurite microtubules. Molecular analysis was performed to evaluate whether Gas7b associates with actin filaments and microtubules, and the data revealed two novel roles of Gas7b in neurite outgrowth: we showed that Gas7b enhances bundling of several microtubule filaments and connects microtubules with actin filaments. These results suggest that Gas7b governs neural cell morphogenesis by enhancing the coordination between actin filaments and microtubules. We conclude that lower neuronal Gas7b levels may impact Alzheimer disease progression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)34699-34706
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume288
Issue number48
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Nov 29

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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