Gas flux cyclic regime at an open vent magmatic column inferred from seismic and acoustic records

Gen Kondo, Hiroshi Aoyama, Takeshi Nishimura, Maurizio Ripepe, Giorgio Lacanna, Riccardo Genco, Ryohei Kawaguchi, Taishi Yamada, Takahiro Miwa, Eisuke Fujita

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

On August 7, 2014, a new effusive vent opened on the northern flank of Stromboli. A characteristic pattern was observed in both seismic and infrasonic signal amplitudes prior to this effusive eruption. The pattern consisted of the repeating cycle: (1) quiet phase, (2) puffing phase, and (3) explosion phase. Correlation between seismic and infrasound signal suggests that pulses in the puffing phase were caused by repetitive bursts of small gas pockets at the central crater, while the explosion phase coincided with an explosion at the central crater. We show that degassing of the magma column occurred in cycles of increasing gas flux, which controlled the transition from a bubbly flow (puffing phase), to a slug flow (explosion phase) gas regime. The quiet phase was characterized by a constant time length of 150 s, indicating that the gas rose in the magma column as well-organized waves of gas layers. These cycles represent cyclic changes of the gas flux regime in the shallow magma column, associated with increases in the magma-gas supply input rate before the effusive eruption.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5678
JournalScientific reports
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec 1

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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