Graphene gas-barrier performance holds great interest from both scientific and technological perspectives. Using in situ synchrotron X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, we demonstrate that chemical vapor-deposited monolayer graphene loses its gas-barrier performance almost completely when oxygen molecules are imparted with sub-electronvolt kinetic energy but retains its gas-barrier performance when the molecules are not energized. The permeation process is nondestructive. Molecular dynamics-based simulation suggests kinetic energy-mediated chemical reactions catalyzed by common graphene defects as a responsible mechanism.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry