Galectin-3 Plays an Important Role in Preterm Birth Caused by Dental Infection of Porphyromonas gingivalis

Mutsumi Miyauchi, Min Ao, Hisako Furusho, Chanbora Chea, Atsuhiro Nagasaki, Shinnichi Sakamoto, Toshinori Ando, Toshihiro Inubushi, Katsuyuki Kozai, Takashi Takata

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Dental infection is risk for preterm birth (PTB) through unclear mechanisms. We established a dental infection-induced PTB mouse model, in which Porphyromonas gingivalis (P.g.) induced PTB by 2 days. We analysed pathogenic factors contributing to PTB and their effects on trophoblasts in vitro. TNF-α, IL-8, and COX-2 were upregulated in P.g.-infected placenta. Galectin-3 (Gal-3), an immune regulator, was significantly upregulated in placenta, amniotic fluid, and serum. In vitro, P.g.-lipopolysaccharide (P.g.-LPS) increased TNF-α and Gal-3 in trophoblasts via NF-κB/MAPK signalling. Gal-3 inhibition significantly downregulated P.g.-LPS-induced TNF-α production. TNF-α upregulated Gal-3. Gal-3 also increased cytokines and Gal-3 through NF-κB/MAPK signalling. Moreover, Gal-3 suppressed CD-66a expression at the maternal-foetal interface. Co-stimulation with Gal-3 and P.g.-LPS upregulated cytokine levels, while Gal-3 plus Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans (A.a.)-or Escherichia coli (E. coli)-LPS treatment downregulated them, indicating the critical role of Gal-3 especially in P.g. dental infection-induced PTB. P.g.-dental infection induced PTB, which was associated with Gal-3-dependent cytokine production. New therapies and/or diagnostic systems targeting Gal-3 may reduce PTB.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2867
JournalScientific reports
Volume8
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General

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