Gain suppression phenomena observed in InxGa1-x N quantum well laser diodes emitting at 470 nm

K. Kojima, M. Funato, Y. Kawakami, S. Nagahama, T. Mukai, H. Braun, U. T. Schwarz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Citations (Scopus)


Optical gain spectra were measured for InGaN-based laser diodes (LDs) emitting at 406 nm (LD406) and 470 nm (LD470) by employing the Hakki-Paoli method. The internal loss coefficient was as large as 35 cm-1 for the LD470 compared to 25 cm-1 for LD406. Moreover, gain saturation was observed at about 490 nm just below the lasing threshold, and a gain band appears at higher photon energies for further carrier injection resulting in lasing at 470 nm. Spontaneous emission peaks of electroluminescence were measured as a function of injection current density below threshold for both samples. The authors attribute the huge blueshift of the spontaneous emission of LD470 up to 450 meV to a filling of the localized tail states in addition to that caused by the screening of the piezoelectric field. The blueshift for the LD406 was as small as about 30 meV and can be interpreted as a result of the screening by both injected carriers and dopants.

Original languageEnglish
Article number241127
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Dec 29
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Gain suppression phenomena observed in In<sub>x</sub>Ga<sub>1-x</sub> N quantum well laser diodes emitting at 470 nm'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this