G test, a new direct method for diagnosis of Candida infection: Comparison with assays for beta‐glucan and mannan antigen in a rabbit model of systemic candidiasis

Takashige Miyazaki, Shigeru Kohno, Hironobu Koga, Mitsuo Kaku, Kotaro Mitsutake, Shigefumi Maesaki, Akira Yasuoka, Kohei Hara, Shigenori Tanaka, Hiroshi Tamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

An indirect method to measure betaglucan, a major structural component of yeast cell walls, is available, but has the disadvantage of requiring the combined use of two assays. Recent reports describe the fungal index, which measures the difference between the conventional limulus test, in which factors C and G react with endotoxin and beta‐glucan, and a new endotoxin‐specific test, in which only factor C reacts with endotoxin. The G test was developed as a direct method to measure beta‐glucan alone. In this study, the G test was examined in sera of rabbits with experimental systemic candidiasis, and compared with the fungal index and mannan assay. The G test showed positive in all rabbits with systemic candidiasis faster and with higher titers than with the fungal index. Three rabbits with fulminant systemic candidiasis showed higher levels of reactivity with the G test and the fungal index than two rabbits with mild reactions. Mannan was positive by at least one serum in four of five rabbits by the latex agglutination test, and there was a good correlation between these assays. The G test is a good serodiagnositc method for the detection of candidiasis. © 1992 Wiley‐Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-318
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis
Volume6
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1992 Jan 1

Keywords

  • antigen detection
  • limulus test
  • serological tests

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Hematology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Medical Laboratory Technology
  • Biochemistry, medical
  • Microbiology (medical)

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