Fundamental Study of Gas Hydrate Formation: Correlation between Structure of Aqueous Solution and Stability of Hydrate Crystal

Y. Yamamoto, T. Komai, A. Wakisaka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Stability of gas hydrate in pure H2O, THF/H2O and CH3OH/H2O solutions were measured by high pressure optical vessel. From the measurement of stability conditions for the gas hydrate against temperature and pressure, the order of hydrate crystal stability is as follows; THF solution>pure H2O>CH3OH solution. The resulting solvent effect on the stability of the gas hydrate is closely related with the microscopic molecular clustering structure in solutions observed through the liquid cluster beam mass spectrometer. The stable clusters with dodecahedral structure (H2O)21H+ (THF)n were observed in high probability in the THF solution. On the other hand, water structure is strongly influenced by methanol and hydrogen-bonding networks of water molecules were broken in the high concentration region of methanol solution. The difference of the stability of hydrate crystal in these solutions seems to be caused by clustering structure difference of these aqueous solutions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1150-1152
Number of pages3
JournalReview of High Pressure Science and Technology/Koatsuryoku No Kagaku To Gijutsu
Volume7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aqueous solution
  • Gas hydrate
  • Hydrogen-bonding
  • Liquid cluster
  • Mass spectrum

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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