Functional mr imaging of cortical activation of the cerebral hemispheres during motor tasks

Laxmi N. Singh, Shuichi Higano, Shoki Takahashi, Yoshihiro Abe, Maya Sakamoto, Noriko Kurihara, Susumu Furuta, Hajime Tamura, Isao Yanagawa, Toshikatsu Fujii, Tadashi Ishibashi, Shin Maruoka, Shogo Yamada

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

PURPOSE: We used functional MR imaging to evaluate cortical activation in the precentral, central and postcentral regions of the contralateral and ipsilateral cerebral hemispheres during left- and right-handed motor tasks. METHODS: Ten healthy right-handed volunteers were studied with echo-planner MR imaging (1.5 T) while performing alternating finger apposition tasks with both hands. During the hand task, the areas of activated pixels were compared between subregions (precentral, central, and postcentral) of the contralateral and ipsilateral sensorimotor cortex. RESULTS: The activated area of the contralateral sensorimotor cortex was significantly larger than that of the ipsilateral cortex during tasks with either hand, whereas the ipsilateral activated area was significantly larger during the left-handed task than during the right-handed task. Ipsilateral activation was greatest in the precentral region, less in the central region, and least prominent in the postcentral region. CONCLUSIONS: Our results confirmed those previous investigators that ipsilateral activation is more pronounced during left- sided movements than during right-sided movements. The variation in activation of the precentral, central, and postcentral subregions suggests different roles of the ipsilateral and contralateral hemispheres during motor tasks.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)275-280
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Neuroradiology
Volume19
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1998 Feb

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology

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