Function and practice of public health nursing in Japan: A trial to develop the Japanese Purpose-Focused Public Health Nursing Model

Kyoko Yoshioka-Maeda, Atsuko Taguchi, Sachiyo Murashima, Kiyomi Asahara, Yukiko Anzai, Azusa Arimoto, Toshie Miyazaki, Noriko Sato, Taichi Sakai, Junko Oomori, Joan Kathy Magilvy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Aims: To clarify the significance of public health nurses' practice, we introduced the activities of Japanese public health nurses and tried to develop a model based on the purpose of their work. Background: Despite international efforts toward clarifying public health nurses' practice, earlier models based on the purpose of their activities were underdeveloped. Method: Japanese terms describing public health nurses' activities were gathered from the literature, nine researchers analysed and brainstormed the activities to develop a model. Seven municipality public health nurses and three researchers in both Japan and the USA validated the model. Results: The model includes three categories: creating the basis for support; working with individuals, families to enhance their health; and enhancing the health of individuals, families, groups, communities/regions by working with the community. Conclusion: The Japanese Purpose-Focused Public Health Nursing Model was based on the purpose of public health nurses' practice which was considered significant for assisting public health nurses to explain the meaning of their work.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)483-489
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Nursing Management
Volume14
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Sep 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Competency
  • Model development
  • Public health nurses
  • Public health nursing
  • Terminology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Leadership and Management

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