The development of organic semiconducting nanowires that act as charge carrier transport pathways in flexible and lightweight nanoelectronics is a major scientific challenge. We report on the fabrication of fullerene nanowires that is universally applicable to its derivatives (pristine C 60, methanofullerenes of C 61 and C 71, and indene C 60 bis-adduct), realized by the single particle nanofabrication technique (SPNT). Nanowires with radii of 811 nmwere formed via a chain polymerization reaction induced by a high-energy ion beam. Fabrication of a poly(3-hexylthiophene) (P3HT): [6,6]-phenyl C 61 butyric acid methyl ester (PC 61BM) bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaic cell including PC 61BM nanowires with precisely-controlled length and density demonstrates how application of this methodology can improve the power conversion efficiency of these inverted cells. The proposed technique provides a versatile platform for the fabrication of continuous and uniform n-type fullerene nanowires towards a wide range of organic electronics applications.
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