Full Energy Spectra of Interface State Densities for n- and p-type MoS2 Field-Effect Transistors

Nan Fang, Satoshi Toyoda, Takashi Taniguchi, Kenji Watanabe, Kosuke Nagashio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


2D materials are promising to overcome the scaling limit of Si field-effect transistors (FETs). However, the insulator/2D channel interface severely degrades the performance of 2D FETs, and the origin of the degradation remains largely unexplored. Here, the full energy spectra of the interface state densities (Dit) are presented for both n- and p- MoS2 FETs, based on the comprehensive and systematic studies, i.e., full rage of channel thickness and various gate stack structures with h-BN as well as high-k oxides. For n-MoS2, Dit around the mid-gap is drastically reduced to 5 × 1011 cm−2 eV−1 for the heterostructure FET with h-BN from 5 × 1012 cm−2 eV−1 for the high-k top-gate. On the other hand, Dit remains high, ≈1013 cm−2 eV−1, even for the heterostructure FET for p-MoS2. The systematic study elucidates that the strain induced externally through the substrate surface roughness and high-k deposition process is the origin for the interface degradation on conduction band side, while sulfur-vacancy-induced defect states dominate the interface degradation on valance band side. The present understanding of the interface properties provides the key to further improving the performance of 2D FETs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1904465
JournalAdvanced Functional Materials
Issue number49
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Dec 1
Externally publishedYes


  • defect states
  • heterostructure
  • quantum capacitance
  • two-dimensional material

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics


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