We have measured the kinetic energies of fragment ions from Ar clusters (average cluster size 〈N〉∼ 10-600) exposed to intense extreme ultraviolet free electron laser pulses (λ ∼ 61 nm, I∼ 1.3× 1011 W cm-2). For small clusters (〈N〉≲ 200), the average kinetic energy of ions strongly increases with increasing the cluster size, indicating a promotion of the multiple ionization, whereas the average kinetic energy is observed to be saturated for 〈N〉≳ 200. Considering how many photoelectrons can escape from the cluster, it was found that the size dependence of the ion kinetic energy exhibited the frustration of direct photoionization, which resulted from the strong Coulomb potential of the highly ionized cluster.
|Journal||Journal of Physics B: Atomic, Molecular and Optical Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2009 Nov 9|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Condensed Matter Physics