Friction wear property of newly designed β-type biomedical titanium alloys in air and Ringer's solution

D. Kuroda, M. Niinomi, M. Kume, H. Fukui, A. Suzuki, J. Hasegawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The necessity to substitute functionally disordered hard tissues like bone and teeth with the orthopedic implant instrumentations like artificial hip joints and dental implants is growing because the population of old persons is rapidly increasing. New β-type titanium alloys composed of non-toxic elements with high strength and low modulus of elasticity were, therefore, designed. In general, it is known that the wear resistance of conventional biomedical titanium alloys are lower than that of conventional biomedical alloys like Co-Cr alloy and SUS 316L stainless steel. Friction wear of orthopedic implant materials is a significant clinical problem. The loosen orthopedic implants cause pain and restricted action. Friction wear characteristics of the newly designed β-type titanium alloys and typical conventional biomedical alloys like Ti-6Al-4V ELI, Ti-6Al-7Nb and SUS 316L stainless steel were, therefore, evaluated in air and Ringer's solution using a ball-on-disc type friction wear testing syste m in this study. As compared to the conventional biomedical titanium alloys like Ti-6Al-4V ELI and Ti 6Al-7Nb, the newly designed β-type titanium alloys show excellent wear resistance when zirconia ball is used as a mating material, while opposite trends are observed when alumina ball is used as a mating material in air and Ringer's solution. The adhesion and exfoliation of wear particles on the wear grooves and plastic deformation of substrate under the wear grooves were observed in the newly designed β-type titanium alloys. It is considered that the different wear mechanisms will be main cause for different wear characteristics between the newly designed β-type titanium alloys and conventional biomedical titanium alloys like Ti-6Al-4V ELI and Ti-6Al-7Nb.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)500-507
Number of pages8
JournalTetsu-To-Hagane/Journal of the Iron and Steel Institute of Japan
Volume87
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2001 Jul

Keywords

  • Abrasive wear
  • Adhesive wear
  • Friction wear properties
  • Non-toxic element
  • β-type titanium alloy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry

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