Friction-stir welding and processing of Ti-6Al-4V titanium alloy: A review

S. Mironov, Y. S. Sato, Hiroyuki Kokawa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

102 Citations (Scopus)


In this work, the current understanding and development of friction-stir welding and processing of Ti-6Al-4V alloy are briefly reviewed. The critical issues of these processes are addressed, including welding tool materials and design, tool wear, processing temperature, material flow, processing window and residual stresses. A particular emphasis is given to microstructural aspects and microstructure-properties relationship. Potential engineering applications are highlighted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-72
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Materials Science and Technology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan


  • Friction-stir processing
  • Friction-stir welding
  • Microstructure
  • Properties
  • Ti-6Al-4V titanium alloy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys
  • Materials Chemistry


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