Friction and wear behavior of BCN coatings sliding against ceramic and steel balls in various environments

Fei Zhou, Koshi Adachi, Koji Kato

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Citations (Scopus)


Ion beam assisted deposition (IBAD) techniques have been performed to synthesize ternary compound films composed of boron, carbon and nitrogen atoms (BCxNy). BCN coatings were deposited on Si wafers and Si3N4 disks by evaporating B4C target, with simultaneous N ion bombardment. The composition and chemical bonding were analyzed by XPS and the nanohardness was measured by Nano Indenter. The friction and wear property of the BCN coatings against Al2O3, SiC, Si3N4 and SUS440C balls was investigated in air, N2 gas and water, respectively. The worn surfaces on the BCN coatings and the balls were observed by optical microscope. The results showed that, the atomic ratio in the BCN coatings was 49 at.% B, 42 at.% C and 9 at.% N and there were several bonding states such as B-N, B-C and C-N with B-C-N hybridization in the BCN coatings. The nanohardness of the BCN coatings was 33 GPa. As the BCN coatings slid against ceramic balls, the friction coefficients in air were largest, while those in water were smallest among three kinds of environment. But as the BCN coating slid against the SUS440C ball, the friction coefficients in N2 gas were slightly higher than those in air, whereas the friction coefficients in water also exhibited the lowest values. Among four kinds of tribo-pairs, the BCN/Al2O3 tribo-pair showed the largest friction coefficient of 1.13 in air, but the BCN/Si3N4 tribo-pair exhibited the smallest friction coefficient of 0.64 in N2 gas and 0.03 in water. The specific wear rates of the BCN coatings were largest in N2 gas, while lowest in water in all cases. The observation of worn surfaces on the BCN coatings and balls showed that the many roll-like materials were produced during sliding tests in air and N2 gas, while the smooth surfaces were formed in water. The experimental results indicated that the interface reaction between the BCN coatings and water or oxygen had many influences on the friction and wear property of the BCN coatings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)301-310
Number of pages10
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Aug 30


  • BCN coating
  • Friction
  • Ion beam assisted deposition (IBAD)
  • N gas
  • Water
  • Wear

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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