Frequent detection of anti-tubercular-glycolipid-IgG and -IgA antibodies in healthcare workers with latent tuberculosis infection in the Philippines

Umme Ruman Siddiqi, Prisca Susan A. Leano, Haorile Chagan-Yasutan, Beata Shiratori, Hiroki Saitoh, Yugo Ashino, Yasuhiko Suzuki, Toshio Hattori, Elizabeth Freda O. Telan

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11 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Anti-tubercular-glycolipid-IgG (TBGL-IgG) and -IgA (TBGL-IgA) antibodies, and the QuantiFERON-TB Gold test (QFT) were compared in healthcare workers (HCWs, n = 31) and asymptomatic human immunodeficiency virus-carriers (HIV-AC, n = 56) in Manila. In HCWs, 48, 51, and 19 were positive in QFT, TBGL-IgG, and -IgA, respectively. The TBGL-IgG positivity was significantly higher (P = 0.02) in QFT-positive than QFT-negative HCWs. Both TBGL-IgG- and -IgA-positive cases were only found in QFT-positive HCWs (27). The plasma IFN- levels positively correlated with TBGL-IgA titers (r = 0.74, P = 0.005), but not TBGL-IgG titers in this group, indicating that mucosal immunity is involved in LTBI in immunocompetent individuals. The QFT positivity in HIV-AC was 31 in those with CD4+ cell counts 350/μL and 12.5 in low CD4 group (<350/μL). 59 and 29 were positive for TBGL-IgG and -IgA, respectively, in HIV-AC, but no association was found between QFT and TBGL assays. TBGL-IgG-positive rates in QFT-positive and QFT-negative HIV-AC were 61 and 58, and those of TBGL-IgA were 23 and 30, respectively. The titers of TBGL-IgA were associated with serum IgA (P = 0.02) in HIV-AC. Elevations of TBGL-IgG and -IgA were related to latent tuberculosis infection in HCWs, but careful interpretation is necessary in HIV-AC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number610707
JournalClinical and Developmental Immunology
Volume2012
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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