Fatigue behavior at room temperature and its influence on critical current at 4.2 K and residual strength at room temperature of multifilamentary Nb-Ti/Cu superconducting composite wire with a filament volume fraction of 0.49 (copper ratio of 1.04) were studied. The fatigue crack nucleated in the copper in the circumferential region and propagated stably into the inner region, causing fracture of the Nb-Ti filaments in the late stage of the fatigue life. Once the fracture of the filaments started, the number of the fractured filaments increased steeply with increasing number of stress cycles, and correspondingly, the current-transportable and stress-carrying capacity of the composite decreased steeply. In this process, both the critical current and residual strength of the fatigued composite decreased nearly linearly with decreasing fraction of surviving filaments. Thus, the critical current of the fatigued composite was proportional to residual strength as a first approximation.
- Critical current
- Nb-Ti/Cu superconducting composite
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Materials Science(all)
- Physics and Astronomy(all)