We present fractional flux periodicity in the ground state of planar systems made of a square lattice whose boundary is compacted into a torus. The ground-state energy shows a fractional period of the fundamental unit of magnetic flux in a certain limit depending on the twist around the torus axis.
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2004 Aug 16|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)