This paper presents an abstract theory on well-posedness for time-fractional evolution equations governed by subdifferential operators in Hilbert spaces. The proof relies on a regularization argument based on maximal monotonicity of time-fractional differential operators as well as energy estimates based on a nonlocal chain-rule formula for subdifferentials. Moreover, it will be extended to a Lipschitz perturbation problem. These abstract results will be also applied to time-fractional nonlinear PDEs such as time-fractional porous medium, fast diffusion, p-Laplace parabolic, Allen-Cahn equations.
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