Four-wave mixing spectroscopy of ultraviolet excitons in strained GaN

T. Ishiguro, Y. Toda, S. Adachi, S. F. Chichibu

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

3 Citations (Scopus)


We perform degenerate four-wave-mixing (FWM) studies of GaN excitons especially for an understanding of the strain-fields in the heteroepitaxial films. The shifts of exciton energies and their beating oscillation variations highlight the biaxial strain, allowing for a precise determination of the strain parameters. The uniaxial strain field can be characterized by the polarization dependence of FWM, which shows distinct polarizations and energy variations depending on the sample and its position. The minimum changes of the polarized FWM intensity and exchange energy splittings correspond to a uniaxial strain of 5.0 × 10-5, which currently gives a lower resolution limit of this technique and is comparable with that of conventional X-ray diffraction. In the time-evolutions, we investigate the strain effects on the phase of the quantum beats (QBs), giving insight into the excitons interactions. By using time-resolved FWM, difference between two-types of exciton transitions is identified. In addition, coherent manipulations of QBs are successfully realized in the FWM with a Michelson interferometer..

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationUltrafast Phenomena in Semiconductors and Nanostructure Materials XII
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Apr 21
EventUltrafast Phenomena in Semiconductors and Nanostructure Materials XII - San Jose, CA, United States
Duration: 2008 Jan 202008 Jan 23

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X


OtherUltrafast Phenomena in Semiconductors and Nanostructure Materials XII
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Jose, CA


  • Coherent control
  • Exciton
  • Four-wave-mixing
  • GaN
  • Quantum beat
  • Strain

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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