Formic acid production from carbohydrates biomass by hydrothermal reaction

J. Yun, F. Jin, A. Kishita, K. Tohji, H. Enomoto

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32 Citations (Scopus)


The formation of formic acid or formate salts by hydrothermal oxidation of model biomass materials (glucose, starch and cellulose) was investigated. All experiments were conducted in a batch reactor, made of SUS 316 tubing, providing an internal volume of 5.7 cm3. A 30 wt% hydrogen peroxide aqueous solution was used as an oxidant. The experiments were carried out with temperature of 250°C, reaction time varying from 0.5 min to 5 min, H 2O2 supply of 240%, and alkaline concentration varying from 0 to 1.25 M. Similar to glucose, in the cases of the oxidation of hydrothermal starch and cellulose, the addition of alkaline can also improve the yield of formic acid. And the yield were glucose>starch> cellulose in cases of with or without of alkaline addition.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012126
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Publication statusPublished - 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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