Formation of TiC core-graphitic mantle grains from CO gas

Yuki Kimura, Joseph A. Nuth, Frank T. Ferguson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We demonstrate a new formation route for TiC core - graphitic mantle spherules that does not require carbon-atom addition and the very long time scales associated with such growth (Bernatowicz et al. 1996). Carbonaceous materials can be formed from C2H2 and its derivatives, as well as from CO gas. In this paper, we will demonstrate that large-cage-structure carbon particles can be produced from CO gas by the Boudouard reaction. Since the sublimation temperature for such fullerenes is low, the large cages can be deposited onto previously nucleated TiC and produce TiC core - graphitic mantle spherules. New constraints for the formation conditions and the time scale for the formation of TiC core - graphitic mantle spherules are suggested by the results of this study. In particular, TiC core-graphitic mantle grains that are found in primitive meteorites that have never experienced hydration could be mantled by fullerenes or carbon nanotubes rather than by graphite. In situ observations of these grains in primitive anhydrous meteoritic matrix could confirm or refute this prediction and would demonstrate that the graphitic mantle on such grains is a metamorphic feature due to interaction of the presolar fullerenes with water within the meteorite matrix.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)673-680
Number of pages8
JournalMeteoritics and Planetary Science
Volume41
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 May

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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