The formation of the metastable orthorhombic phase (Pca21) in CeO2-HfO2 solid solution epitaxial thin films has been demonstrated. The films were deposited at room temperature on (001)yttria stabilized zirconia substrates by an Ar ion-beam sputtering method and subsequent annealing, where the Ce content of the films was controlled by changing the composition, x = [CeO2]/([HfO2]+[CeO2]), of the sputtering target. The chemical states of cations in xCeO2 - (1 - x)HfO2 (x = 0-0.5) thin films have been investigated by X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, which confirmed the coexistence of Ce4+ and Ce3+. The crystal structure has been investigated by using X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy. These analyses revealed that the metastable orthorhombic phase was formed in the films with x = 0.03-0.1, and the lattice constants of that phase increased with the Ce content. Microstructural analysis has been performed by using scanning transmission electron microscopy, which revealed a multidomain structure consisting of the orthorhombic phase. The polarization-electric field loop for the film with x = 0.1 indicated ferroelectricity, demonstrating that CeO2-HfO2 solid solution thin films are candidates for fluorite-type ferroelectrics.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)