Formation of New Type of Porous Carbon by Carbonization in Zeolite Nanochannels

Takashi Kyotani, Takayuki Nagai, Sanjuro Inoue, Akira Tomita

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    501 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    An attempt was made to prepare porous carbon by using the channels of Y zeolite as a template. Poly(acrylonitrile) and poly(furfuryl alcohol) were carbonized in the zeolite channels and the resultant carbon/zeolite complexes were subjected to acid treatment in order to extract carbon from the zeolite framework. In addition, pyrolytic carbon deposition in the channels was carried out by exposing the zeolite to propylene at high temperature, and then the carbon was liberated in the same manner as above. The morphology and structure of the carbon prepared in the channels were characterized, and the results were discussed in relation to the morphology and structure of the original zeolite template. It was found that the microscopic morphology of the resultant carbons reflects that of the corresponding zeolites. All of these carbons are highly porous, and some of the CVD carbons have BET surface areas as high as > 2000 m2/g.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)609-615
    Number of pages7
    JournalChemistry of Materials
    Volume9
    Issue number2
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1997 Jan 1

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Chemistry(all)
    • Chemical Engineering(all)
    • Materials Chemistry

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