Formation of mesoporous Co3O4 replicas of different mesostructures with different pore sizes

Peng Shu, Juanfang Ruan, Chuanbo Gao, Huachun Li, Shunai Che

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mesoporous metal oxides Co3O4 are prepared via hard templating synthesis method by using various mesoporous silicas with different pore size as templates. The pore size of the mesoporous silicas with the symmetry of two-dimensional (2d)-hexagonal p6mm, bicontinuous cubic Ia over(3, ̄) d and Pn over(3, ̄) m have been controlled in the range of 6.6-10.7, 4.2-7.5 and 5.1-6.7 nm, respectively, by choosing different surfactants and co-surfactants and by adjusting either the aging temperature or the ionization degree of the surfactant. The pore size of the silica template has been considered to be an important factor that determines the mesostructure of the resulting metal oxides. It has been found that for p6mm, it is easier to replicate the mesoporous symmetry at large size of mesopores. For Ia over(3, ̄) d, at large-pore size two sets of bicontinuous meso-channels are replicated into mesoporous Co3O4, while small-pore Ia over(3, ̄) d leads to replication of both one set and two sets of meso-channels. Co3O4 can replicate both one set and two sets of bicontinuous Pn over(3, ̄) m meso-channels at all pore sizes that can be obtained (5.1-6.7 nm), indicating the existence of ordered complementary micropores within the silica walls.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)314-323
Number of pages10
JournalMicroporous and Mesoporous Materials
Volume123
Issue number1-3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2009 Jul 1

Keywords

  • Hard templating
  • Mesoporous cobalt oxide
  • Mesostructure
  • Pore size
  • Replica

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials

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