Formation of diverse mesophases templated by a diprotic anionic surfactant

Chuanbo Gao, Yasuhiro Sakamoto, Osamu Terasaki, Shunai Che

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)


The synthesis system for mesophase formation, using the diprotic anionic surfactant N-myristoyl-L-glutamic acid (C14GluA) as the structure-directing agent (SDA) and N-trimethoxylsilylpropyl-N,N,N-trimethyl- ammonium chloride (TMAPS) as the co-structure-directing agent (CSDA), has been investigated and a full-scaled synthesis-field diagram is presented. In this system we have obtained mesophases including three-dimensional (3D) micellar cubic Fm3̄m, Pm3̄n, Fd3̄m, micellar tetragonal P4 2/mnm, two-dimensional (2D) hexagonal p6mm and bicontinuous cubic Pn3̄m, by varying the C14GluA/NaOH/TMAPS composition ratios. From the diagram it can be concluded that the mesophase formation is affected to a high degree by the organic/inorganic-interface curvature and the mesocage-mesocage electrostatic interaction. Bi-continuous cubic and 2D-hexagonal phases were found in the low organic/inorganic-interface curvature zones, whereas micellar cubic and tetragonal mesophases were found in the high organic/inorganic-interface curvature zones. Formation of cubic Fm3̄m and tetragonal PA2/mnm was favoured in highly alkaline zones with strong mesocage-mesocage interactions, and formation of cubic Pm3̄n and Fd3̄m was favoured with moderate mesocage-mesocage interactions in the less alkaline zones of the diagram.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11423-11428
Number of pages6
JournalChemistry - A European Journal
Issue number36
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Dec 19
Externally publishedYes


  • Formation mechanism
  • Mesophases
  • Mesoporous materials
  • Surfactants
  • Synthesis-field diagram

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Organic Chemistry


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