Formation of a liquid jet by interaction between a laser-induced bubble and a shock wave

Takayuki Hirano, M. Komatsu, M. Ezura, H. Uenohara, A. Takahashi, K. Takayama, T. Yoshimoto

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


There are some problems such as a narrow therapeutic time window and severe side effects of fibrinolytics in the therapy of cerebral embolisms. Therefore, it is necessary to develop a new method to remove a cerebral thrombus more rapidly with fewer fibrinolytics. A Q-switch pulsed holmium (Ho): YAG laser with 86 mJ/pulse, pulse duration of 200ns and wavelength of 2.1 mm was used. The laser beam was transmitted through a 0.6 mm diameter quartz optical fiber. Experiments were conducted in a stainless steel container equipped with observation windows. The test chamber was filled with distilled water at 283K. At first, the formation of laser-induced bubbles in a 4 mm diameter glass tube was observed. The bubble gradually expanded and reached a maximum size at about 1ms after irradiation. A shock wave induced by ignition of silver azide pellet was interacted with it at 500μs before Ho:YAG laser irradiation, which resulted in forming a liquid jet. This liquid jet penetrated into an artificial thrombus made of gelatin, and its maximum penetration depth was 4.2 mm, which was nearly twice deeper than the laser irradiation only (2.2 mm). Combination of this liquid jet and fibrinolytics will realize more rapid recanalization with fewer drugs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-40
Number of pages6
JournalInterventional Neuroradiology
Issue numberSUPPL. 1
Publication statusPublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes


  • Cerebral embolism
  • Fibrinolysis
  • Holmium: YAG laser
  • Liquid jet
  • Shock wave

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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