Formation of α- and β-phase Mn-doped zinc silicate in supercritical water and its luminescence properties at Si/(Zn+Mn) ratios from 0.25 to 1.25

Masafumi Takesue, Atsuko Suino, Kenji Shimoyama, Yukiya Hakuta, Hiromichi Hayashi, Richard Lee Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mn-doped Zn2SiO4 (ZSM) was synthesized in supercritical water under batch conditions to study the effect of Si molar ratio on ZSM phase formation and its luminescence properties. Precursors were prepared with zinc oxalate dihydrate, manganese oxalate, and amorphous SiO2, where Mn/(Zn+Mn) molar ratio was a constant of 0.02 and Si/(Zn+Mn) molar ratios were varied from 0.25 to 1.25. Reaction conditions were chosen to be 400 °C, a pressure of 29 MPa, and for a reaction time of 90 min. At a stoichiometric Si ratio of 0.5, green-emitting α-Zn2SiO4 was only phase formed. At Si ratios from 0.55 to 1.25, an α-Zn2SiO4 phase and yellow-emitting β-Zn2SiO4 phase were formed along with unreacted amorphous SiO2. As Si ratio increased, the emission color of the materials changed from the green region to the yellow-green region. The main phases present in the system, ZnO-SiO2-H2O, at 400 °C, 29 MPa, and 90 min were α-Zn2SiO4 and β-Zn2SiO4, while other phases such as ZnSiO3 and Zn4Si2O7(OH)2·H2O did not appear after reaction in supercritical water under these experimental conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4185-4189
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Crystal Growth
Volume310
Issue number18
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2008 Aug 15

Keywords

  • A1. Crystal morphology
  • A2. Hydrothermal crystal growth
  • B1. Oxides
  • B1. Zinc compounds
  • B2. Phosphors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Inorganic Chemistry
  • Materials Chemistry

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