Formation and Strain Analysis of Stacked Ge Quantum Dots With Strain-Compensating Si1−xCx Spacer

Yuhki Itoh, Tomoyuki Kawashima, Katsuyoshi Washio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


To stack Ge quantum dots (QDs) in a multilayer structure without undesirable enlargement of the QDs, the effects of both Si1−xCx spacer on a strain compensation of the embedded QDs and a sub-monolayer (ML) carbon (C) mediation on a formation of the Volmer-Weber (VW)-mode Ge QDs on the Si1−xCx spacer were investigated. In a Si1−xCx/Ge/Si(100) structure, lattice rexation of the embedded QDs was kept about 80% at x = 0.015. This maintaining the state of high relaxation attributed to a tensile strain from the Si1−xCx layer grown on a surface of a Si substrate around the QDs. In addition, by utilizing an analysis of Kelvin probe force microscopy, it was revealed that the sub-ML C mediation of 0.25 ML and over is effective to form the VW-mode Ge QDs on the Si1−xCx spacer. This is because the promotion of subdivision effect for the formation of the QDs via C mediation was also effective on the Si1−xCx surface. At C = 0.25 and 0.5 ML, diameter and density of second QDs were about 22 nm and 1.5 × 1011cm−2, respectively. These results pave the way to stack the VW-mode Ge QDs in the multilayer structure without enlargement of the QDs.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1700197
JournalPhysica Status Solidi (C) Current Topics in Solid State Physics
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2017 Dec


  • epitaxial growth
  • germanium
  • group-IV semiconductor
  • quantum dots
  • strain compensation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics


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