Formation and crystallographic orientation study of quasicrystal, 2/1 and 1/1 approximants in Cd–Mg–Y system using electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD)

Farid Labib, Satoshi Ohhashi, An Pang Tsai

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    6 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    A partial isothermal ternary phase diagram of the Cd–Mg–Y system including icosahedral quasicrystal (i-QC) and 1/1 approximant (APP) was obtained at 673 K. The stability of the i-QC and APPs in terms of composition and temperature was studied, as a result of which the 2/1 APP phase was discovered at 773 K. Moreover, the i-QC phase was found to be stable at lower Y concentrations of ∼12–13 at.%, as compared to the 1/1 APP, which showed ∼15–16 at.% Y. Single i-QC, 2/1 and 1/1 APP grains were also synthesized applying centrifuging system. Electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) characterization of the obtained i-QC and APPs revealed almost the same Kikuchi patterns for the i-QC and 2/1 APP, indicating high resemblance of their structures. However, the Kikuchi pattern acquired from the 1/1 APP was distinguishable from the one obtained from the i-QC as it showed split bands. The occurrence of the split bands was associated with significant deviation from a perfect icosahedral symmetry. This was also confirmed by analysing calculated electron diffraction and Kikuchi patterns along pseudo-five-fold axes of the 2/1 and 1/1 APPs. Finally, orientation relationships between the i-QC, 1/1 APP and α-Mg were investigated by analysing acquired EBSD Kikuchi patterns from the respective domains. Accordingly, three perpendicular two-fold axes of the i-QC and {100} axes of the 1/1 APP occur along three mutually orthogonal {0001}, {10-10} and {11-20} axes of the α-Mg.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1528-1550
    Number of pages23
    JournalPhilosophical Magazine
    Volume99
    Issue number12
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jun 18

    Keywords

    • EBSD
    • Quasicrystals
    • approximants
    • crystal growth
    • magnesium alloys
    • transmission electron microscopy

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Condensed Matter Physics

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