Forkhead box i1 in breast carcinoma as a potent prognostic factor

Yoshiaki Onodera, Kiyoshi Takagi, Yoshimi Neoi, Ai Sato, Mio Yamaguchi, Yasuhiro Miki, Akiko Ebata, Minoru Miyashita, Hironobu Sasano, Takashi Suzuki

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Forkhead box (FOX) proteins are family of transcriptional factors and regulate cell growth and differentiation as well as embryogenesis and longevity. Previous studies have demon-strated that several FOX members regulate growth or metastasis of breast carcinoma, but clinical significance of total FOX members remains unclear. We first examined associations between expression of 40 FOX genes and TNM status of 19 breast carcinoma using microarray data. Subsequently, we immunolocalized FOXI1 in 140 breast carcinomas and evaluated its clinicopathological significance. In the microarray analysis, we newly identified that gene expression of FOXI1 was most pronouncedly linked to metastasis of the breast carcinoma among the FOX members examined. However, clinicopathological significance of FOXI1 has not been examined in the breast carcinoma. FOXI1 immunoreactivity was positive in 44 out of 140 (31%) of breast carcinomas, and it was significantly associated with stage, lymph node metastasis and distant metastasis. The FOXI1 status was significantly associated with worse prognosis of the breast cancer patients, and it turned out to be an independent prognostic factor for both distant disease-free survival and breast cancer-specific survival. These findings suggest that FOXI1 plays important roles in the metastasis of breast carcinoma and immunohistochemical FOXI1 status is a potent prognostic factor.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)123-130
Number of pages8
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2021


  • Breast cancer
  • Forkhead box (FOX)
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Metastasis
  • Prognosis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Biochemistry
  • Physiology
  • Histology
  • Cell Biology


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