Force Estimation on the Contact of Poly(l, l -lactide) and Poly(d, d -lactide) Surfaces Regarding Stereocomplex Formation

Hiroharu Ajiro, Shun Takahama, Masashi Mizukami, Kai Kan, Mitsuru Akashi, Kazue Kurihara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


The stereocomplex formation of poly(l,l-lactide) (PLLA) and poly(d,d-lactide) (PDLA) was selected in order to investigate the interaction of the two surfaces including hydrogen bonding and van der Waals interaction. Adhesion force measurement using surface force apparatus (SFA) equipped with an optical microscope was conducted on the PLLA and PDLA spin-coated films. The adhesion forces, Fad, phenomenologically followed the linear relation with the applied normal load, L. For the force Fad between PLLA and PDLA films with low molecular weights (PLLA, Mn = 2800; PDLA,: Mn = 2100), the slope of linear fitting of Fad vs L was significantly larger for the heterointerface (PLLA/PLDA) compared with that for the homointerface (PLLA/PLLA and PDLA/PDLA). However, when polymers with higher molecular weights (PLLA, Mn = 8500; PDLA, Mn = 8300) were measured, the slopes of linear fitting lines were almost the same for hetero- and homointerfaces. This indicated that the mobility of the lower molecular weight PLLA/PDLA films promoted the selective interaction of PLLA and PDLA under the applied normal loads. The adhesion between the outermost PLLA layer and PDLA layer prepared by layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly was also measured. It is interesting that the adhesion force was very weak in this case. This weak adhesion could be explained by the much less mobility of the polymer chain due to the stereocomplex formation within the LbL layers. This study demonstrated that the adhesion force due to the selective interaction of PLLA and PDLA between PLLA/PDLA films could be directly measured, and depended on the mobility of the outermost polymer chains, which reflected the different structures of polymer chains in the organized complex films.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9501-9506
Number of pages6
Issue number37
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sep 20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Spectroscopy
  • Electrochemistry


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