Foaming agents for powder metallurgy production of aluminum foam

Takuya Koizumi, Kota Kido, Kazuhiko Kita, Koichi Mikado, Svyatoslav Gnyloskurenko, Takashi Nakamura

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Citations (Scopus)


Metallic foams are commonly produced using hydride foaming agents. Carbonates are safer to handle than hydrides; however, their use in the powder metallurgy (PM) route to obtaining a fine and homogenous cell structure has not been evaluated. In this study, carbonates and hydroxides were investigated as foaming agents for the production of Al-Si-Cu alloy foams by the PM route. The thermal decomposition behavior of the foaming agents was evaluated in conjunction with the cell structure of the aluminum foams produced. From the results, it was clarified that a foaming agent that began decomposing after the matrix melted is required to obtain a fine and homogenous cell structure. The TiH2 foam formed under similar conditions was obviously different and had a coarse and rounded cell structure. MgCO3 and CaMg(CO 3)2 were selected as suitable foaming agents for the Al-Si-Cu alloy. Once expanded, the CaMg(CO3)2 foam had a specific gravity of 1.19 and a nomogeneous, nne ana spnencal cell structure.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)728-733
Number of pages6
JournalMaterials Transactions
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Apr


  • Carbonate
  • Dolomite
  • Foaming agent
  • Magnesium carbonate
  • Metallic foam
  • Powder metallurgy route
  • Titanium hydride

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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