Flow Structure in the Frequency-Modulated Wake of a Cylinder

Masami Nakano, Donald Rockwell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Citations (Scopus)


A cylinder is subjected to frequency-modulated (FM) excitation and the structure of its wake is characterized in terms of the modulation frequency and the frequency deviation. It is possible to destabilize or restabilize the degree of organization of the vortical structures in the near wake and thereby substantially manipulate the spectral content, relative to the case of purely sinusoidal excitation. These processes of destabilization and restabilization are attainable by varying the frequency deviation while holding the modulation frequency constant or vice versa. A phase-locked periodicity of the near-wake response is attainable at the period of the modulation frequency, as well as at double its period. This phase-locked periodicity, or lack of it, is related to the degree of organization of the wake. The structure of the far wake is strongly dependent upon the nature of the near wake modification. Either coherent or destabilized wake structure can be induced in the far wake, at a given value of nominal excitation frequency, by employing appropriate FM excitation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-119
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of Fluid Mechanics
Publication statusPublished - 1994 May 1
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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