Flow cytometric determination of intracytoplasmic Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein in peripheral blood lymphocyte subpopulations

S. Kawai, M. Minegishi, Y. Ohashi, Y. Sasahara, S. Kumaki, T. Konno, H. Miki, J. Derry, S. Nonoyama, T. Miyawaki, K. Horibe, N. Tachibana, E. Kudoh, Y. Yoshimura, Y. Izumikawa, M. Sako, S. Tsuchiya

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have produced a novel monoclonal antibody (mAb) directed against Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASP) by immunizing mice with the recombinant protein. The mAb designated 5A5 is highly specific to WASP and suitable for Western blot analysis and immunoprecipitation. A flow cytometric assay using the 5A5 mAb identifies expression of intracytoplasmic WASP in lymphocytes from normal individuals. Double staining analysis with cell surface CD3, CD19, and CD56, and intracytoplasmic molecules revealed WASP expression in each subpopulation. With regard to WASP expression in patients with Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) and X-linked thrombocytopenia (XLT), peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) from nine patients and Epstein-Barr virus-transformed B-lymphoblastoid cell lines from seven patients examined did not show WASP expression by flow cytometric analysis. These results were confirmed by Western blot analysis. We conclude that WASP expression in lymphocyte subpopulations from patients with WAS and XLT can be more precisely evaluated by flow cytometry as compared with Western blot analysis. This flow cytometry method is important as a supplement to Western blots, but even more important as an alternative and powerful assay that can contribute to research on WASP as well as diagnosis in a clinical setting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-205
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Immunological Methods
Volume260
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Feb 1

Keywords

  • Flow cytometry
  • Monoclonal antibody
  • WASP
  • Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome
  • X-linked thrombocytopenia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology

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