Five cases of blunt traumatic cardiac rupture: Success and failure in surgical management

Asako Namai, Masahiro Sakurai, Hidenori Fujiwara

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report five cases of blunt cardiac rupture seen in our hospital during the last 6 years. All these patients sustained blunt chest trauma due to motor vehicle or motorcycle accidents, and all had vital signs on arrival at the emergency department. We suspected cardiovascular injuries from the findings of echocardiography and CT scans, and all five cases were operated on 2-6h after injury. Four had a median sternotomy, and one had a lateral thoractomy. During the operations, we found that two patients had pericardium injuries and all five patients had right chamber injuries, which included multiple, ventricle, and large venous injuries in three patients. The tears were repaired using simple suture or ligation techniques for all patients, with cardiopulmonary bypass in three patients. One patient died during the operation, and four patients survived, therefore the survival rate was 80%. We believe that patients with cardiac rupture who are alive when they reach hospital can often be saved by prompt diagnosis and immediate, adequate surgical repairs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)200-204
Number of pages5
JournalGeneral thoracic and cardiovascular surgery
Volume55
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 May 1

Keywords

  • Blunt cardiac rupture
  • CT scan
  • Cardiopulmonary bypass
  • Echocardiography
  • Median sternotomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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