The fundamental properties of lithium amide LiN H2, which is fully hydrogenated phase of lithium nitride Li3 N, have been investigated by the first-principles calculations using the ultrasoft pseudopotential method, including the structural, electronic, dielectric, and vibrational properties. The calculated structural parameters agree well with the experimental data except for hydrogen positions. The analyses for the electronic structure and the Born effective charge tensors indicate an ionic feature between Li+ and [N H2] -. The internal bonding of [N H2] - anions is primarily covalent. The internal N-H bending and stretching vibrations of [N H2] - anions yield Γ -phonon modes around 1500 and 3400 cm-1, respectively. These can be fairly reproduced by the molecular approximation, suggesting a strong internal bonding of [N H2] - anions. The heat of formation for the fully hydriding reaction of Li3 N is predicted as -85 kJ mol H2 which agrees well with the experimental value. Some discussions are also presented for the properties of Li3 N.
|Journal||Physical Review B - Condensed Matter and Materials Physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2005 Dec 13|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
- Condensed Matter Physics