First principles study on desorption of chemisorbed hydrogen atoms from single-walled carbon nanotubes under external electric field

V. J. Surya, K. Iyakutti, H. Mizuseki, Y. Kawazoe

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Based on first principles calculations, we suggest a new way to release chemisorbed hydrogen atoms from the single-walled carbon nanotubes. The transverse external electric field serves as the key source for this mechanism. As the electric field strength increases, there is a notable increase in the C-H bond lengths at the sharp highly curved sites of the carbon nanotube. The compression of the tube along the direction of electric field results in the release of hydrogen atoms from the sharp sites. The synergetic action of electric field and compression turns out the desorption process easier at favorable field strengths. This present investigation provides a new alternative way to release hydrogen atoms from the hydrogenated carbon nanotubes under the influence of external electric field that requires comparatively lower temperature suitable for hydrogen based fuel cells used in mobile applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)13645-13656
Number of pages12
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume36
Issue number21
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Oct

Keywords

  • Carbon nanotubes
  • Chemisorption
  • Compression
  • Desorption
  • Electric field
  • Hydrogen

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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