By performing first-principles calculations, H2 splitting processes on pure and transition metal (TM) atom substituted Al (111) surfaces were examined. Corrected reaction pathways with splitting energy barriers (0.99 eV) lower than those in previous studies (1.28 eV) were obtained. By further analyzing the H2 splitting process on the 3d-TM-atom-doped Al (111) surface, the relationship of the catalysis effect and the electron donation-back donation process on TM 3d orbitals were examined in detail. Finally, to confirm the possibility of reducing the partially oxidized Al (111) surface with an H2 molecule, the surface reduction process was studied by using the climb-image nudged elastic band (CI-NEB) method systematically.
- First-principles calculation
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Fuel Technology
- Condensed Matter Physics
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology