First principles phase diagram calculations for the system NaNb O3 -KNb O3: Can spinodal decomposition generate relaxor ferroelectricity?

B. P. Burton, Takeshi Nishimatsu

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14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

First principles based phase diagram calculations were performed for the system (1-X) NaNb O3 - (X) KNb O3. Plane wave pseudopotential calculations of formation energies were used as a basis for fitting a cluster expansion Hamiltonian, and a phase diagram was calculated. The predicted phase diagram has an unusual asymmetric miscibility gap, which suggests that it might be possible to synthesize a lead-free compositionally modulated sample with bulk composition X≈0.23; such a sample is likely to exhibit relaxor characteristics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number092907
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Volume91
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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