We evaluated an intrinsic α in ferromagnetic (FM)/non-magnetic (NM) junctions from first principles (FM = Co, Fe, and Ni and NM = Cu, Pd, and Pt) to investigate the effects of the inserted NM layer. α is calculated by liner muffin-tin orbital methods based on the torque-correlation model. We confirmed that Gilbert damping is enhanced and saturated as NM thickness increases, and that the enhancement is greater in NM materials having a stronger spin-orbital interaction. By contrast, the calculated FM thickness dependences of α show that Gilbert damping tends to decrease and be saturated as the FM thickness increases. Under the torque-correlation model, the dependences of α on FM and NM thickness can be explained by considering the electronic structure of the total system, including junction interfaces, which exhibit similar behaviors derived by spin pumping theory.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)