First-order reversal curve analysis of a Nd-Fe-B sintered magnet with soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism microscopy

Kazunori Miyazawa, Satoshi Okamoto, Takahiro Yomogita, Nobuaki Kikuchi, Osamu Kitakami, Kentaro Toyoki, David Billington, Yoshinori Kotani, Tetsuya Nakamura, Taisuke Sasaki, Tadakatsu Ohkubo, Kazuhiro Hono

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

First-order reversal curve (FORC) diagram, which visualizes the variation of magnetic susceptibility on a field plane, has been applied to a Nd-Fe-B sintered magnet. The FORC diagram exhibits the characteristic behavior of two remarkable spots in low-field and high-field regions. The high-field FORC spot corresponds to the irreversible magnetization reversal at a coercive field, whereas the low-field FORC spot indicates the appearance of a large magnetic susceptibility state during the demagnetization process. Moreover, this low-field FORC spot becomes dominant at high temperature, accompanied by a significant reduction in coercivity. These results suggest that the low-field FORC spot has a strong correlation with the degradation of magnetic properties of a Nd-Fe-B sintered magnet. To clarify the actual magnetization reversal processes corresponding to these two FORC spots, soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) microscopy observation was employed with similar field sequences of the FORC measurements. Consequently, the low-field FORC spot is mainly attributed to the domain wall motion in multi-domain grains, whereas the high-field FORC spot corresponds to the magnetization reversal of single-domain grains. These indicate that a FORC diagram is a powerful evaluation method for the magnetization reversal processes of permanent magnets.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-9
Number of pages9
JournalActa Materialia
Volume162
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jan 1

Keywords

  • FORC
  • Magnetization reversal
  • Nd-Fe-B magnet
  • XMCD

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Metals and Alloys

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