First Detection of Radio Linear Polarization in a Gamma-Ray Burst Afterglow

Yuji Urata, Kenji Toma, Kuiyun Huang, Keiichi Asada, Hiroshi Nagai, Satoko Takahashi, Glen Petitpas, Makoto Tashiro, Kazutaka Yamaoka

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We report the first detection of radio polarization of a gamma-ray burst (GRB) afterglow with the first intensive combined use of telescopes in the millimeter and submillimeter ranges for GRB 171205A. The linear polarization degree in the millimeter band at the subpercent level (0.27% 0.04%) is lower than those observed in late-time optical afterglows (weighted average of ∼1%). The Faraday depolarization by nonaccelerated, cool electrons in the shocked region is one of the possible mechanisms for the low value. This scenario requires a total energy that is larger by a factor of ∼10 than ordinary estimates without considering nonaccelerated electrons. The polarization position angle varies by at least 20 across the millimeter band, which is not inconsistent with this scenario. This result indicates that polarimetry in the millimeter and submillimeter ranges is a unique tool for investigating GRB energetics, and coincident observations with multiple frequencies or bands would provide more accurate measurements of the nonaccelerated electron fraction.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberL58
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume884
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct 20

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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    Urata, Y., Toma, K., Huang, K., Asada, K., Nagai, H., Takahashi, S., Petitpas, G., Tashiro, M., & Yamaoka, K. (2019). First Detection of Radio Linear Polarization in a Gamma-Ray Burst Afterglow. Astrophysical Journal Letters, 884(2), [L58]. https://doi.org/10.3847/2041-8213/ab48f3