Finding of high-grade tectonic blocks from the New Idria serpentinite body, Diablo Range, California: Petrologic constraints on the tectonic evolution of an active serpentinite diapir

Tatsuki Tsujimori, Juhn G. Liou, Robert G. Coleman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three high-grade tectonic blocks, including jadeite-bearing retrograded eclog-ite, pumpellyite-rich retrograded eclogite, and clinopyroxene-bearing garnet-amphibolite, are newly described in the jadeitite-bearing New Idria serpentinite body. Petrologic analyses reveal two contrasting peak metamorphic stages-eclogite-facies metamorphism (M 1 E ) characterized by garnet + omphacite (∼48 mol% jadeite) + rutile ± epidote + quartz, and amphibolite-facies metamorphism (M 1 A characterized by garnet + hornblende + augite (∼14 mol% jadeite) + rutile + quartz. Both peak metamorphic events are overprinted by very low-T blueschist-facies minerals (M 2 ), which include glaucophane, lawsonite, pumpellyite, jadeitite (up to 94 mol% jadeite), chlorite, and titanite. Garnet-clinopyroxene geothermometry yields T = ∼580-620 °C at P > 1.3 GPa for the M 1 E stage and T = ∼630-680 °C at P = ∼0.8-1.0 GPa for the MJ 1 A stage. The jadeite-and lawsonite-bearing phase equilibria constrain metamorphic conditions of P > 1.0 GPa at T = ∼250-300 °C for the M 2 stage that is probably synchronous with the formation of nearby jadeitite within serpentinite. The presence of eclogite blocks suggests that the New Idria serpentinite diapir was initiated at mantle depths. The wide range of P-T conditions of tectonic blocks supports the idea that the New Idria serpentinite diapir rose from mantle depths and enclosed tectonic blocks at various mantle-crustal levels during diapiric upwelling and extrusion.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)67-80
Number of pages14
JournalSpecial Paper of the Geological Society of America
Volume419
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2007 Jan 1
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Diablo Range
  • HP metamorphism
  • P-T path
  • Serpentinite diaper
  • Tectonic block

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology

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