Filtered back projection revisited in low-kilovolt computed tomography angiography: sharp filter kernel enhances visualization of the artery of Adamkiewicz

Tatsuya Nishii, Akiyuki Kotoku, Yoshiro Hori, Yuji Matsuzaki, Yoshiaki Watanabe, Yoshiaki Morita, Atsushi K. Kono, Hitoshi Matsuda, Tetsuya Fukuda

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The reliability of assessment of the artery of Adamkiewicz before the aortic repair is highly dependent on the display of the continuity of this artery with the aorta, mainly around the vertebral pedicle, by computed tomography angiography (CTA). We hypothesized that the sharp filter kernel can improve visualization of this continuity of the vessel structure because of its edge enhancement and high-spatial resolution. This study was performed to compare the subjective and objective image quality of spinal CTA reconstructed with sharp and smooth filter kernels. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed 40 consecutive patients who had undergone 80-kV CTA to detect the artery of Adamkiewicz before aortic repair. We measured the CT number and the contrast-to-noise ratio of the anterior spinal artery to the spinal cord. Furthermore, the continuity of the artery of Adamkiewicz was evaluated using a 3-point scale (2 points, absolute; 0 points, undetectable). Results: CTA with the sharp filter kernel showed a significantly higher CT number and contrast-to-noise ratio of the spinal artery than did CTA with the smooth filter kernel (P <.001 for both). Moreover, the sharp filter kernel showed a significantly higher continuity of the artery of Adamkiewicz with the aorta than did the smooth filter kernel (P <.001). Conclusions: The sharp filter kernel significantly improved the image quality in low-tube-voltage CTA for the assessment of the artery of Adamkiewicz. Thus, CTA with the sharp filter kernel can generate a high-confidence level in the evaluation of the artery of Adamkiewicz.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-311
Number of pages7
JournalNeuroradiology
Volume61
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Mar 11
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Aneurysm, dissecting
  • Aortic aneurysm
  • Aortic diseases
  • Computed tomography angiography
  • Image enhancement

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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