Field-of-View Guiding Camera on the HISAKI (SPRINT-A) Satellite

A. Yamazaki, F. Tsuchiya, T. Sakanoi, K. Uemizu, K. Yoshioka, G. Murakami, M. Kagitani, Y. Kasaba, I. Yoshikawa, N. Terada, T. Kimura, S. Sakai, K. Nakaya, S. Fukuda, S. Sawai

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

39 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

HISAKI (SPRINT-A) satellite is an earth-orbiting Extreme UltraViolet (EUV) spectroscopic mission and launched on 14 Sep. 2013 by the launch vehicle Epsilon-1. Extreme ultraviolet spectroscope (EXCEED) onboard the satellite will investigate plasma dynamics in Jupiter’s inner magnetosphere and atmospheric escape from Venus and Mars. EUV spectroscopy is useful to measure electron density and temperature and ion composition in plasma environment. EXCEED also has an advantage to measure spatial distribution of plasmas around the planets. To measure radial plasma distribution in the Jovian inner magnetosphere and plasma emissions from ionosphere, exosphere and tail separately (for Venus and Mars), the pointing accuracy of the spectroscope should be smaller than spatial structures of interest (20 arc-seconds). For satellites in the low earth orbit (LEO), the pointing displacement is generally caused by change of alignment between the satellite bus module and the telescope due to the changing thermal inputs from the Sun and Earth. The HISAKI satellite is designed to compensate the displacement by tracking the target with using a Field-Of-View (FOV) guiding camera. Initial checkout of the attitude control for the EXCEED observation shows that pointing accuracy kept within 2 arc-seconds in a case of “track mode” which is used for Jupiter observation. For observations of Mercury, Venus, Mars, and Saturn, the entire disk will be guided inside slit to observe plasma around the planets. Since the FOV camera does not capture the disk in this case, the satellite uses a star tracker (STT) to hold the attitude (“hold mode”). Pointing accuracy during this mode has been 20–25 arc-seconds. It has been confirmed that the attitude control works well as designed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)259-274
Number of pages16
JournalSpace Science Reviews
Volume184
Issue number1-4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Nov 19

Keywords

  • Extreme ultraviolet spectroscope
  • HISAKI satellite
  • Solar system planet
  • Telescope pointing accuracy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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