Fibroblast growth factor-2 stimulates directed migration of periodontal ligament cells via PI3K/AKT signaling and CD44/hyaluronan interaction

Yoshio Shimabukuro, Hiroaki Terashima, Masahide Takedachi, Kenichiro Maeda, Tomomi Nakamura, Keigo Sawada, Mariko Kobashi, Toshihito Awata, Hiroyuki Oohara, Takanobu Kawahara, Tomoaki Iwayama, Tomoko Hashikawa, Manabu Yanagita, Satoru Yamada, Shinya Murakami

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) regulates a variety of functions of the periodontal ligament (PDL) cell, which is a key player during tissue regeneration following periodontal tissue breakdown by periodontal disease. In this study, we investigated the effects of FGF-2 on the cell migration and related signaling pathways of MPDL22, a mouse PDL cell clone. FGF-2 activated the migration of MPDL22 cells and phosphorylation of phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and akt. The P13K inhibitors, Wortmannin and LY294002, suppressed both cell migration and akt activation in MPDL22, suggesting that the PI3K/akt pathway is involved in FGF-2-stimulated migration of MPDL22 cells. Moreover, in response to FGF-2, MPDL22 showed increased CD44 expression, avidity to hyaluronan (HA) partly via CD44, HA production and mRNA expression of HA synthase (Has)-1, 2, and 3. However, the distribution of HA molecular mass produced by MPDL22 was not altered by FGF-2 stimulation. Treatment of transwell membrane with HA facilitated the migration of MPDL22 cells and an anti-CD44 neutralizing antibody inhibited it. Interestingly, the expression of CD44 was colocalized with HA on the migrating cells when stimulated with FGF-2. Furthermore, an anti-CD44 antibody and small interfering RNA for CD44 significantly decreased the FGF-2-induced migration of MPDL22 cells. Taken together, PI3K/akt and CD44/HA signaling pathways are responsible for FGF-2-mediated cell motility of PDL cells, suggesting that FGF-2 accelerates periodontal regeneration by regulating the cellular functions including migration, proliferation and modulation of extracellular matrix production.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)809-821
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Cellular Physiology
Volume226
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011 Mar
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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